Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviours.
CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle.
It is different from historical approaches to psychotherapy, such as the psychoanalytic approach where the therapist looks for the unconscious meaning behind the behaviours and then formulates a diagnosis. Instead, CBT is a “problem-focused” and “action-oriented” form of therapy, meaning it is used to treat specific problems related to a diagnosed mental disorder. The therapist’s role is to assist the client in finding and practising effective strategies to address the identified goals and decrease symptoms of the disorder
The goal of cognitive behaviour therapy is to teach patients that while they cannot control every aspect of the world around them, they can take control of how they interpret and deal with things in their environment.
CBT is based on several core principles, including:
CBT treatment usually involves efforts to change thinking patterns. These strategies might include:
CBT treatment also involves efforts to change behavioural patterns. These strategies might include:
Cognitive behaviour therapy is generally short-term and focused on helping clients deal with a very specific problem. During the course of treatment, people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that have a negative influence on behaviour and emotions.
CBT is appropriate for people of all ages, including children, adolescents, and adults.
CBT is a useful tool to address emotional challenges. For example, it may help you:
Manage symptoms of mental illness
Prevent a relapse of mental illness symptoms
Treat a mental illness when medications aren’t a good option
Learn techniques for coping with stressful life situations
Identify ways to manage emotions
Resolve relationship conflicts and learn better ways to communicate
Cope with grief or loss
Overcome emotional trauma related to abuse or violence
Cope with a medical illness
Manage chronic physical symptoms
Mental health disorders that may improve with CBT include:
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as effective as medicine in treating some mental health problems, but it may not be successful or suitable for everyone.
Some of the advantages of CBT include:
Some of the disadvantages of CBT to consider include:
If you are experiencing challenges consider seeing a therapist.
Scheeringa S, Michael, MD, How Do I Change Negative Thoughts Related to PTSD?https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/blog/stress-relief/201912/how-do-i-change-negative-thoughts-related-ptsd, 27 Dec 2019
At CBT Kenya, we provide psychotherapy using the CBT model. Give us a call on 0739 935 333/0756 454 585 or visit our website for more details on what we do. We are located at Kims Court, Theta Lane, Off Lenana road.