Expressive language disorder is generally a childhood disorder. There are two types of expressive language disorder: the developmental type and the acquired type. Developmental expressive language disorder does not have a known cause and generally appears at the time a child is learning to talk. Acquired expressive language disorder is caused by damage to the brain . It occurs suddenly after events such as stroke or traumatic head injury. The acquired type can occur at any age.
The disorder makes it hard for kids to express their thoughts and ideas. Kids understand what other people are saying, but they have trouble using language when they speak. That can have a big impact on their ability to make friends, socialize, and interact with other people. It can also affect them at school. Expressive language disorder can make it harder for kids to join classroom discussions or even write what they know. But with the right support, they can improve skills and build self-esteem.
Many people with expressive language disorder avoid talking altogether. They may find it too frustrating or worry that others will judge them. They may choose not to socialize or interact with classmates or colleagues. As a result, they can come across as distant or withdrawn.
To be diagnosed with expressive language disorder, people have to be evaluated by a speech-language pathologist. These specialists work in schools, in clinics, and in private practice. People can be diagnosed at any age. But since expressive language disorder is developmental, the signs can appear at a very young age. The earlier it’s diagnosed, the sooner kids can get help to improve language skills.
If your child is diagnosed with expressive language disorder, speech and language therapy is the best way to treat the issue. When there is an emotional or behavioral component, psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy may be beneficial to your child as well.
However, there are a number of standardized expressive language tests that your child can be given by a speech and language therapist or a neuropsychologist in order to determine whether or not the disorder is the correct diagnosis for the issues your child is experiencing. Your child may also be given an audiogram to determine whether or not a hearing loss is causing his difficulties.
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