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Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder- CBT Kenya

OCD ( Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) and OCPD– Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder) are two distinct forms of mental illness with specific characteristics.

OCD is an anxiety disorder-An individual with an anxiety disorder suffers from intense anxiety or panic. They worry about activities or events.

OCPD is a personality disorder- a way of thinking, feeling and behaving that deviates from the expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning, and lasts over time.1

Patients with OCD

Patients with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder need to be in control. They suffer from obsession and compulsion.  An obsession is a repetitive thought, action or behavior that won’t go away. A compulsion is an irrational behavior performed repeatedly. An individual with OCD might wash his hands repeatedly, or open and close the door a certain number of times.

They tend to be solitary in their endeavors and to mistrust the help of others. People with OCD know they need help and will usually want treatment.

Patients with OCPD

Many people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder don’t seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact their life and that of people around them. People with OCPD focus intensely on orderliness and control.

  • To maintain a sense of control, patients focus on rules, minute details, procedures, schedules, and lists. As a result, the main point of a project or activity is lost. These patients repeatedly check for mistakes and pay extraordinary attention to detail. They do not make good use of their time, often leaving the most important tasks until the end.
  • Patients with OCPD are excessively dedicated to work and productivity. As a result, leisure activities and relationships are neglected. These patients plan ahead in great detail and do not wish to consider changes. Their relentless rigidity may frustrate co-workers and friends.
  • Expression of affection is also tightly controlled. These patients may relate to others in a formal, stiff, or serious way. Often, they speak only after they think of the perfect thing to say.
  • They carefully hold themselves back until they are sure that whatever they say will be perfect. They may be preoccupied with logic and intellect. Individuals with this disorder usually express affection in a highly-controlled.
  • They are prone to become upset or angry in situations in which they are not able to maintain.  On other occasions, anger may be expressed with righteous indignation over a seemingly minor matter.

Personality disorders such as OCPD are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional. Once a person agrees to treatment, psychotherapy will typically be the main form of treatment. There are two psychotherapy options, long-term or short-term. Long-term treatment is the best way to make significant, lasting changes to the person’s overall well-being.

CBT Kenya, we are located at Kims Court, Theta Lane Off Lenana Road. Contact us on 0739 935 333 or visit our website for more information and others services we offer.


1.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Association. (2013).


Author: cbtkeadmin

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